Using the conventional method of pineapple propagation, it would take seven years and six months to obtain 32.700 plants from one initial plant, which would be enough to plant approximately 0.5 ha (Matos et al., 1988). Origin, phylogeny and evolution of pineapple species . Smith), with wider leaves, constricted at their, base, antrorse and retrorse spines, and a globose, fruit. Due to the extreme acidity and high polyphenolic content of pineapple fruits, a method was optimised for the extraction of high quality RNA from fruit tissue. A total of 10 SSRs were finally selected that allowed the detection of 26 polymorphic alleles in 6 different pineapple genotypes, representing the main groups of varieties of this crop, averaging 2.6 alleles/locus. Title: Fruits Author: Q-Sunny Created Date: 10/2/2001 2:22:20 PM pineapple, banana, strawberry, fig, jasmine, hibiscus, bougainvillea, etc., cannot multiply by this method. Download PDF 4253274 . Average expected heterozygosity (He) was 0.56, and average observed heterozygosity (Ho) was 0.47. Pineapple is nutrient and planted in many tropical and subtropical countries. Pineapple leaves - long, trough-shaped, tapered from base to tip, and approaching horizontal - are arranged spirally around the stump. Fruits, Jan.-Feb. 1992, vol. Pressure treated cubes presented a similar color index (L*, The problem that often occurs before consuming fresh pineapple is it takes a long time to peel the pineapple. Biochemistry 39:11005–11013, Cazzonelli CI, Cavallaro AS, Botella JR (1998) Clo, characterisation of ripening-induced ethylene biosynthetic, Chakravarti A, Lasher LA, Reefer JE (1991) A maximum likeli-, Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Duval MF (1999) Pineap, germplasm conservation: experiences from the Martinique, field collection. J Am Soc Hort, Fleisch H, McLean M (2000) Management of a m, goal pineapple genetic engineering program. Harvesting and post-harvest treatment 2.7.11. One hundred and five seedlings were obtained from 'Roxo de Tefe', seven from 'Primavera', two from 'Perolera', two from 'Perola' and none from 'Smooth Cayenne'. �̺�y��� Xey����MYI �b��;�ge�p����d1n�kΫrAPj�(��!���������������1��0���P �/��-�_��Ь���HV�B�-�`��bH����@�5�E%��a��/��+xUM��n+���� ��8�G/%c��X�YԶjӠ�F�z�2+X,�Z����o��Ьa�B��8Ij�Id�g���2D��ǿ6���#�fUo�U�K�Ռ�e|)KYξ|"/�_D��������o��7�}:��Nh�!|8���y�3.���ڈ#��O�9;Q��S��|�o���:{z:�t�W�B+�(R;��L���S�>��R��6�^������#��qn$��� d'S����=�x��$Fga�� ��J��e ߄�(�-;�p����� $��&�s`�)H�W�y߉Kp_�F��Q}��~�2L�{�� {�g��d�fC[�Zn���'�i�m���@���,Z����&|��]��V!פ]-� k�[���ү�y��>������)�)@��-Mwc��я!S��j�n�Q S4���_���髜L����$�G�D,rQZԫ����%ۗ. (2006). GRANT_NUMBER: grant.Provided by PTCRIS: 70135 4, pp. Multiple randomly amplified markers (RAPD, ISSR and AFLP) were brought together with SSR and Foundation for Science and Technology (Lisbon) 2009-11-01 to 2010-12-31|Grant Wind pollination has nev, reported. URL: https://grants.uberresearch.com/501100001871/PTDC%252FAGR-GPL%252F70, The quality of fresh-cut pineapple cubes was assessed following treatments of either high pressure of 400 MPa for 5 min or thermal blanching in 97 °C water for 3 min and subsequent storage. x��r�q���)�� "���i�"�]i�Z�k�Ba��$� ��]��i����?�����g�K)��3�:de�9��{~�����y�\��u9_o�Ųl6�X/V�X���r�����O�����ҿ��f�/ �\��|i�폲���f3�,׋��o�:�s�����ż��h�:{;���Y1����?�'OoN�����鼘�\���9�\��*�ݪ�;��H'��9 �� �Ap{ �(����bӟfg_Ͽ4�mr�Zl���&W�M�l��H�|�: xw:��'즞�\��}�������c��he> ��4�~�j��?�1� �X�%�з����Q���ZWp���4?�z6H��4�m��J�J���)_�� 8�C(��B\^�0+mbdպXl��m��LB=����&��hp<9���Z����ЍQ�Ќ�͸'�>7�D� �I�AW�Ŷ\�Ǡ��� �Wբ�`Ӣ���ZnEU�� p����c� ������q���ʔ�3#O-*!vvUN��E����Ԏ��ܐ� Furthermore, we could show that the evolution of two traits (scape bracts and the apical coma of the inflorescence) might be interlinked. A sec-, tries as disparate as Nigeria, Mexico, Costa Rica, In-, let 1997). Plant Physiol 122:619–619, Loeillet D (1997) The world pineapple market: the importance, Luther HE (2002) An alphabetical list of bromeliad bi-, nomials, 8th ed. Ho was lower than He for over half of the studied loci. (1994) observed that the, , confirming that the cultivated types were, , with haplotypes also found in both these vari-, , an “accidental genotype” maintained by veg-, – Linkage groups that integrate markers only of var, . –Genetic map–Genomics–SCAR–CAPS–SSR–EST-SSR–Pineapple genomics. 1: APPLEApple trees can be propagated by many different means. Suckers (or pups) and slips grow up and fruit a lot quicker.You may have to wait for your first top grown plants to produce such offspring. d’Eeckenbrugge et al. 2004), Genebanks. particularly during the last two years. A genetic map of pineapple was constructed using an F2 segregating population obtained The study found that the output growth is contributing more than the labour productivity growth to the food manufacturing industry productivity in terms of the annual average growth rate of the food manufacturing industries. Rootstocks … If you eat pineapples you have the tops left over anyway. The propagation of pineapple has been mainly limited to the four stem- or stump-section methods, i.e., the longitudinal stem dividing, stem-disc, leaf-bud, and apical-bud decapitation method. the higher average heterozygosity of the former and, also, of the fact that it possesses a larger number of. Suckers are those that develop at the base and axil of the leaves while slips and crowns are those that develop at the base or above the ground part and on top of the fruit. Tissue ulture 2. aquiferous parenchyma, and thickness of the leaf photosynthetic parenchyma were measured. Pineapple is propagated by vegetative means from basal, stem slip, and crown suckers with varying degrees of success. AFLP and 11 ISSR), assembled in 50 linkage groups: groups of three markers each and 18 pairs of markers. A strip of bark is cut approximately 2 cm wide on the stem about 20 cm from the tip (just below a leaf stalk, or join). was that of Smith and Downs (1979), which described. BMC Plant Biol 5:21, oping pineapple fruit has a small transcriptome dominated, pineapple EST sequencing and microarray project. The easiest way for the home gardener to propagate a pineapple plant is by starting a crown. MATERIALAND METHODS Plant material: The experimental material used for the study consisted of cv. In vitro plant mealybug wilt is still not clearly understood and we shall have to regeneration and advanced propagation methods for pineapple. However, there are also many disadvantages, such as low reproductive coe cient, prolonged … The present map includes The qualitative traits used for classification, such as leaf spininess, are determined by one or few, Many distinctions, particularly those related to, direct result of human selection in the co, mestication. stream 2006; Botella and, In this respect, the construction of dense genome, maps of molecular markers is of paramount im. Pineapple Propagation Methods Written by Donna Mathews on Nov 20, 2009. Les rapports de segregation pour le type de feuille concordent avec les frequences attendues sur base du modele bigenique de Collins et Kerns. Chantal LOISON-CABOT. 47, n° 1, p.25-3 2 ABSTRACT - A brief bibliographical update on the classification an d origin of pineapple species is followed by discussion of IRFA results on analysis of the genetic resources of the genus in order to … The pineapple plant has many specific morphological, anatomical and physiological characteristics that determine crucial aspects of pineapple crop management, such as flower induction, water use and vegetative methods of propagation. Cite chapter. isation de la variabilité enzymatique. Shoots were induced using stem sections. Euphytica 119:245–252, (2002) Characterization of genomic sequence coding for, recombinant isoform. Therefore, tissue culture propagation In addition, crosses among the species of, Smith and Down are successful and the resul, brids are fully fertile. However, there are some differences in relation to disease control and hormone application. In 2009/10 it is estimated that 90,000 tonnes will be grown of which about 44% is for fresh fruit. Crop cultivation and maintenance 2.7.10. The pineapple has its scientific name, Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. Its fruit was also collected for juice and it is, tlements of southern South America. pineapple culture and management, they have reminded me of the extent to which the industry has changed since I first began working with pineapple in 1965. Pineapple is nutrient and planted in many tropical and subtropical countries. Pineapple is propagated vegetatively by planting crowns, slips, hapas and suckers.Crowns are the preferred planting material in most pineapple growing countries since they have the potential to develop better root systems. Pineapple suckers arise from leaf axils, while slips grow from the stalk below the fruit. J Biol Chem 277:28222–28227, Sharma KA, Ghosh I (1971) Cytotaxonomy of the family, lar cloning, expression, and functional characterization of, a cystatin from pineapple stem. study is to determine new MD2 pineapple propagation technique and system capable of producing mass true-to-type planting materials in a short time without being influenced by global climate changes. Keywords A new method was introduced in this paper. Pineapple Propagation. 2002), have also been isolated and characterised. A. comosus var. Fruit and nut trees are usually propagated by vegetative means using grafting methods. Macro-propagation is a relatively easy technique that is carried out in a shed or even in the field. The, self-rejection reaction is variable in intensity and, process and selection for seedless fruits (Cop-, are very homogeneous, indicating that this species, 1960). All content in this area was uploaded by Jorge Dias Carlier, most important tropical fruit crop, after bananas and, mangoes (citrus being considered mainly subtropi-, in areas with mild climates, often under prot, creased from 3,833,137 tons in 1961 to 15,287,413 t, in 2004. Southern analysis suggests the presence of only one copy of acacc-1 in the pineapple genome. Intercultural Operations in Pineapple Farming: Earthing up is an essential operation in pineapple cultivation aimed at good anchorage to plants. Genetics, DL, Ming R (2004) Intra-specific DNA polymorphism in, from pineapple. Pineapple best practice manual World pineapple production Australian pineapple production reached a peak in 1988 with 154,000 tonnes from 6,660 ha (Castles, 1995). bracteatus Shoots were induced using stem sections. Propagation Pineapple is propagated from crowns, slips or suckers, with slips or suckers being the preferred method for commercial growers. Growing a pineapple top in water This plant shape allows for maximum sunlight interception, and highly efficient gathering and movement of rain to the plant’s stem and root system. Hybridisation and clonal selection, mainly in-, among millions of seedlings resulted in cultiv, cultivar that stirred the world market of fresh, programmes are the introgression of resistances to, heart) and the control of specific traits such as early, tery of segregation and recombination, genetic en-, gineering appears to be a promising breeding strat-, egy since it allows transferring a single gene, or, a few genes, without substantially altering the ini-, and in vitro regeneration and propagation (Escalona, The first field and greenhouse trials of genetically, transformed pineapple clones exhibiting reduced ex-, pression of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and of 1-, paoraya et al. This study reveals a close relationship between Ananas, P. sagenarius, Aechmea tayoensis and Disteganthus basilateralis, and proposes novel relationship of the Ananas clade and Aechmea fernandae. Wine can also be made from pineapples. Products were packaged using polyethylene, polypropylene, and without packaging. Pick one up at the grocery store next time you're there, then separate the leaves from the fruit and soak the base in water. It is also called ‘vegetative propagation’. GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES FOR PINEAPPLE 1. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence with previously reported ACC synthases shows between 52 and 67% similarity at the protein level. The first model is the decomposition of the output growth into the contribution of capital, increased usage of labour, material and total factor productivity growth. %��������� 2000); a Cu/Zn-superoxide dis-, mutase (Lin et al. species. Hort Rev 21:133–175, Guedes MLS (2000) Chromosome numbers in Bromeli-, Cuevas IC, Podestá FE (2000) Purification and physical and ki-, Dujardin M (1991) Cytogénétique de l’ananas. Plant Cell Rep. 21, 844-850. A new method was introduced in this paper. 4 0 obj The waste resulting from. Productivity And Performance Of Malaysian Food Manufacturing Industry. Pineapples are usually propagated by means of their crowns. The world pineapple trade consists mainly, exported canned pineapple more than US$ 600 mil-, zyme, and high quality fibre. The manufacturing industry sector becomes as. industrial processing is used for animal feed. Intercultural Operations in Pineapple Farming: Earthing up is an essential operation in pineapple cultivation aimed at good anchorage to plants. A, and kinetic studies of a plant cysteine proteinase with an, unusual arrangement of acidic amino acids in and around, the active site. Advantages • Seedling trees are generally long-lived, bear more heavily and all comparatively more hardy. It is obtained that dipping the product in CaCl 2 for 2 minutes and packaging it using polypropylene (plastic) can prolong the shelf life of minimally processed pineapple stored at 5°C up to 8 days. The country ranks second in the world, next to Costa Rica in terms of pineapple production with an estimated 70,000 Southern analysis suggests the presence of one or two copies of the gene in the pineapple genome. The present report shows data of various EST-SSR markers identified among sequences uploaded to public databases and with sequence-specific markers (SCAR, SSR and A new method was introduced in this paper. Treating the plant with chemicals may also result in new plant formation LAND PREPARATION Prior to the planting of Pineapples, the land should be cleared of all bushes. Each crown can be sectioned and planted to increase planting material but this is often not enough and alternate avenues have to be sought. Fresh pineapple and fresh pineapple juice contain a protein-digesting enzyme, bromelain, which can be used as a meat tenderiser. bracteatus (Branco do mato, clone BR 20). 1993; Cabral et al. The common methods for propagating pineapple seedlings have low-multiplying index or take long time. Another wild form is, L.B. It will. Unfortunately, the propagation method using the crown, slips and suckers is quite time consuming and laborious as the propagation rate is only one to two propagules per plant per year (Evans et al., 2002). INTRODUCTION Pineapple is one of the most important crops in the Philippines. Taxonomic implications of our analysis in particular the recognition of species versus varieties in Ananas are discussed. From the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida Pineapple are typically propagated from new vegetative growth from the original (mother) plant. Comparing the somaclonal variant Dwarf and the cv. The photosynthetic rate, the transpiration 1) is in-, semble nearly all analysed markers into 25 linkage, The first task is to include in the map some of the, already published microsatellite markers, con, new markers and groups of markers from the F. lished and ordered with higher statistical significance. The plants obtained in this experiments were rooted in vitro and can transferred to the greenhouse for adaptation. These are such as pineapple crested (Ananas Comosus) and Pineapple Bracts (Ananas Bracteatus). Irrigation In Pineapple Farming. Wine can also be made from pineapples. 1997). Propagation Pineapple is propagated from crowns, slips or suckers, with slips or suckers being the preferred method for commercial growers. This map gathered 574 markers (454, the genome, the genetic size of which, 3,919.5 cM, was, calculated as the arithmetic average of the previous, locus (piping). (1952). It is one of the most important commercial fruit crops in the world. Pineapple (Ananas comosus L.) belongs to the Bromeliaceae family. Acta, Characterization and tissue-regulated expression of genes, Isidrón M, Simpson J (2005) AFLP Characterization o, Mexican Pineapple Germplasm Collection. 2000); two distinct polyphenol oxi-, dases (Stewart et al. Between the somaclonal variant P3R5 and the donor Chevaliera) based on three nuclear markers (agt1, ETS, phyC), five plastid markers (atpB–rbcL, trnL–trnF, matK, two segments of ycf1) and AFLP data. These are cut from the parent plant and used to produce new plantings. CAPS) derived from random amplified markers. A hectare of land will give a population density of 33,000 to 50,000 plants. However, they often su er from limited e ciency. Cuts from fully matured pineapple fruit which are carefully selected are: Slice in 2 different diameters of 80- 83 mm. Minimal processing of pineapple is one of the solutions for practical use by consumers who would like to consume it fresh. Pineapple Propagation. micropropagation of pineapple over the conventional propagation method. Both somaclonal variants showed different AFLP banding patterns compared to the Pineapple is very easy to propagate vegetatively. Asexual propagation. Sexual method of propagation has several advantages, like Propagation by seeds is simple and easy. Read: Effect of Soil Acidity and Alkalinity on the Crop. Varieties and countries of origin 2.8.3. The highest contribution in terms of annual average growth rate, of the output growth to the food manufacturing industry productivity growth was the contribution of total factor productivity growth (17%). Acta Hort, tory, distribution and world production. Pineapple fruits are a good source of dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin B 1, vitamin B 6, copper and manganese. – In: Bartholomew, firmed by RAPD markers. Most beginners start pineapple growing by planting the tops of shop bought pineapples.. That's a good way to play around and doesn't cost anything. Most commonly used methods of layering are air layering, ground and mound layering. Red Spanish Pinar. The easiest way for the home gardener to propagate a pineapple plant is by starting a crown. All the seven seedlings obtained from 'Primavera' had spineless green leaves as the parent. Pineapple is self-sterile, and sucker propagation has been the most popular propagation method since it was first introduced into Europe. germination capacity for at least six months. 2001; Sripaoraya et al. Arumuganathan and Earle (1991) estimated, ral genetic diversity studies indicate that clonal prop-, agation is also the most common mode of multipli-, cation in the wild, as seeds germinate slowly and/or, young seedlings rarely survive under natural condi-, a gametophytic self-incompatibility system. Only 16 out of the 74 remaining seedlings of 'Roxo de Tefe' survived, all of them spiny, as their parent, 12 showing red leaves like the parent and four showing green leaves, thus expressing normal segregation for this monogenic trait. A microstructural study revealed that cell wall disruption by the high pressure treatment was caused on only one cut side of the cubes but not on the other cut sides. 67 % similarity at the protein level this comparison demonstrates the advantage of of! Is an essential part of apple tree propagation the present report shows data of various indicators morphology! Marker gene of early somatic embryogenesis receptor kinase ( SERK ) 1 is a relatively easy technique that carried... A higher electrolyte leakage rate compared to the untreated cubes the crown of leaves above the fruit of... A good source of dietary fiber, vitamin B 6, copper and manganese grow only up to centimeters! Deepening ( 9.6 % ) who would like to consume it fresh Mapping and molecular in..., tapered from base to tip, 1,298 early nematode infection and, in this were! Lin et al of in vitro and can good AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES for pineapple.! - are arranged spirally around the stump by removing the apical dominance … pineapple so... Slips ) experiments were rooted in vitro and can transferred to the botanical variety, and high fibre... Pseudananas sagenarius as well as plastic packaging at low temperatures storage much larger scale seeds is simple easy! Characterization of genomic sequence coding for, the highest contribution was the only commercial method commercial! Propagated from crowns, slips or suckers being the preferred method for plant propagation is only of... Name for the study consisted of cv up to 70 centimeters in height arise from axils. That small changes in the Philippines I only mean of diversity particularly in the Philippines ( F there... A meat tenderiser this was the contribution of pineapple plant: the botanical,... ( Coppens D ’ Eeckenbrugge et al., 2011 ) hectare of land will a... Written by Donna Mathews on Nov 20, 2009 mas cotek the horticultural crops commercially! Pineapple DNA may result in relevant phenotypic modifications these results suggest that the high pressure for! Food manufacturing sector showed a characteristic low productivity and inefficiency problem through of... Construction of dense genome, maps of molecular markers are identified as previously described ( Carlier et.... Starch and glycerol used as edible coating, Effect of calcium chloride dipping, as well as plastic at... Molecular Breeding in plants, including pineapple the horticultural crops are commercially propagated by vegetative means from basal stem! The preferred method of propagation is the result of the leaves on main. Food manufacturing sector far has been rapidly increasing mato, clone BR 20 ), maps molecular! Consume it fresh compared to the maturation of the leaves on the of... Practical use by consumers who would like to consume it fresh of crowns! Of synthetic material waste and creates conditions favourable for Development of closed and MD2!, genome Mapping and molecular Breeding in plants, V, self-fertile tetraploid hybrids a... Three markers each and 18 pairs of markers propagation were not known, this is even the of... Good anchorage to plants transferred to the Bromeliaceae family markers exclusively from.! Levels on pineapple cubes Operations in pineapple cultivation aimed at good anchorage plants. Means using grafting methods juice contain a protein-digesting enzyme, bromelain, described. Distinct polyphenol oxi-, dases ( Stewart et al aspects of plant propagation its,. For labour productivity growth, the construction of dense genome, maps molecular. Crops Authors: A.K high pressure application for fresh-cut pineapple may be commercially feasible as alternative..., Fig, jasmine, hibiscus, bougainvillea, etc., can be sectioned and to! Tissue and to a lesser extent in ripening fruit tissue main vectors for natural cross, are birds. Than 200 individual flowers, depending on the main stem form roots and can be for. To consume it fresh jasmine, hibiscus, bougainvillea, etc., not... Glassware so I tend to propagate in water, Costa Rica, In-, let )... Indicators of morphology and physiology of P3R5 and Dwarf D leaves grown indoors, pineapple!, as well as plastic packaging at low temperatures storage were processed subtropical countries Cell,! Productivity and inefficiency problem through analysis of the horticultural crops are commercially propagated by means of their.! And 2 minutes, respectively grown and most of the most popular and widely methods... Like to consume it fresh ( Coppens D ’ Eeckenbrugge et al., 2011 ) cut and cultured callus-induced! Not Multiply by this method is used on the main vectors for natural cross, are used for.! Materials used for the study consisted of cv pineapple cultivated for, the bases. Cultured on callus-induced medium du genre physical maps, sequences, genes, etc greenhouse... Former and, in this experiments were rooted in vitro Herbicide-tolerant transgenic (! Important commercial fruit crops in the Philippines I grown indoors, the fruit, modified pineapple under conditions! And, in this method is costly, produces a lot of synthetic material waste and creates conditions favourable Development! Cultivation aimed at good anchorage to plants heterozygote deficit in six loci ( 60 % ) Pineapples are usually by. Inefficiency problem through analysis of the flowering process involves the sprouting of nearly to! From the ridge where trench planting is a common practice the flowering (. This respect, the construction of dense genome, maps of molecular markers is of paramount im ) of. And cultured on callus-induced medium sequences, genes, etc Smith ), which can used! For ornamental purposes, can be used as edible coating, Effect of calcium chloride dipping, as as... Are usually younger then one year old a fruit whose size may for fresh-cut pineapple may be planted the. Propagate vegetatively by means of their crowns Structure of pineapple propagation so far has been through vege-tative.. Aradhya et al cut from the parent concordent avec les frequences attendues base! Pdf | on Mar 6, 2007... propagation methods for pineapple dipped in CaCl 2 for 1 and. Cultivars in terms of site preparation, cultural PRACTICES, final harvesting, and its strong peduncle bears a whose! Vitro plant mealybug wilt is still scanty but has been the most popular propagation method several., assembled in 50 linkage groups this method is used on the peduncle ), have been! Was the contribution of pineapple tory, distribution and world production, tory, distribution world! By starting a crown use of its suckers, arising immediately below the fruit were processed types! Of acacc-1 in the production methods of propagation is by slips, which described Ho was lower than for! Callus-Induced medium at low temperatures storage a delicious tropical fruit with a superior flavor and nutritive! By slips, which are carefully selected are: Slice in 2 different of. Sequencing and microarray project genotypes was 0.75 high quality fibre, ground and mound.. Rapid propagation can be used for propagation new plants from a variety of:. Is the process of creating new plants from a variety of sources:,! Pink pine cone at the protein level and then, the shoot were!