If you wear contacts, remove them after washing your hands and put them with the contaminated clothing. Benzene is a colorless chemical found naturally in the air and earth deposits like oil. Other health concerns include drowsiness, irregular heart rhythm, and loss of consciousness. It is highly flammable and is formed from both natural processes and human activities. martynts@berkeley.edu Long-term (a year or more) exposure to benzene can produce changes in the blood. Benzene is a colorless liquid with a sweet odor. Symptoms may include headache, nausea, dizziness, drowsiness and confusion. Objectives: To study environmental exposure to benzene as well as hematological effects of benzene exposure in taxi drivers. Health effects You can also find out more about additional health effects, including the various cancers that can be caused by exposure to benzene. OSHA set the daily maximum safe level at 1 parts-per-million, or 1 ppm. No specific antidote exists for benzene poisoning. Dial 911 and explain what has happened. When the local or state health department or emergency personnel arrive, tell them what you did with your clothes. It has a sweet odor and is highly flammable. (Long-term exposure means exposure of a year or more.) Benzene Exposure: What Are the Long-Term Health Effects? In the short term, benzene can irritate the respiratory tract as well as the eyes, skin, and mucus The health department or emergency personnel will arrange for further disposal. Quickly take off clothing that may have benzene on it. The benzene in indoor air comes from products that contain benzene such as glues, paints, furniture wax, and detergents. Advances in understanding benzene health effects and susceptibility. Benzene is a chemical that is a colorless or light yellow liquid at room temperature. Benzene released into surface water evaporates in a few hours. Benzene (C6H6) is a highly flammable, colorless liquid that evaporates quickly into the air. Keywords benzene, health effects, levels of significant exposure, minimal risk levels, toxicokinetics, toxicological profile ACGIH (2006) Benzene. h�bbd``b`z"l�c�`M�d��1 !X $���w+�`��! Authors Sherilyn A , … Benzene dissolves only slightly in water and will float on top of water. Anything that touches the contaminated clothing should also be placed in the bag. 369 0 obj <>stream There is no antidote for benzene poisoning and you should seek immediate medical attention if exposed to it during a chemical emergency. Short-term exposure to highly concentrated benzene vapors may cause decreased consciousness, stupor, … Health Details: Those working with Benzene products are classed as a high risk group, and this is because these people are at increased risk of dangerous exposure levels of Benzene, which can result in …Aplastic Anemia. Can harm the nervous system. Advances in understanding benzene health effects and susceptibility. The most important thing is for victims to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. CDC twenty four seven. Seal the bag, and then seal that bag inside another plastic bag. Eye contact. 2016 Read More Because of its propensity to react with other elements in the air, it is most often quickly diffused within a few days of exposure and therefore it is virtually harmless. This study considerably expanded the health effects associated with benzene beyond AML and suggested benzene produced effects at levels lower than previously thought. Adverse effects of the chemical substance depend on the level of exposure, and the duration one is exposed to the harmful chemical. Published 1 July 2014 Avoid touching contaminated areas of the clothing. Benzene works by causing cells not to work correctly. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. The short term exposure limit is 5 ppm for any 15-minute period. What are the Potential Health Effects of Benzene? Bird MG(1), Greim H, Kaden DA, Rice JM, Snyder R. Author information: (1)ExxonMobil Human exposure to benzene is associated with multiple adverse health effects leading to hematological malignancies. If the benzene release was outside, move away from the area where the benzene was released. Benzene health effects killing your immune system? Skin contact. What are the potential health effects of benzene? 339 0 obj <> endobj Disposing of your clothing in this way will help protect you and other people from any chemicals that might be on your clothes. Human exposure to benzene has been associated with a range of acute and long-term adverse health effects and diseases, including cancer and haematological effects. The long-term effects of chronic exposure to benzene can be seriously damaging and cause life-altering health conditions such as: 8. However, because of benzenes health effects and many restrictions, it is not used as a solvent in the same extent as it was before. If you are near a release of benzene, emergency coordinators may tell you to either evacuate the area or to “shelter in place” inside a building to avoid being exposed to the chemical. Adverse health effects due to long-term benzene exposure are non-specific. Benzene is also used to make some types of lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents, drugs, and pesticides. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Breathing in high doses of benzene can affect the nervous system, which can lead to drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, tremors, confusion, and/or unconsciousness. Benzene can cause blood cancers like leukemia. Workers may be harmed from exposure to benzene. People working in industries that make or use benzene may be exposed to the highest levels of it. By WhatGo - 6:21 AM. If you are helping other people remove their clothing, try to avoid touching any contaminated areas, and remove the clothing as quickly as possible. Other products with benzene. Inhalation: Can irritate the nose and throat. Cancer: Because benzene is known to cause genetic damage, it’s a well-established carcinogen. Detrimental Health Effects of Benzene Exposure in Adults Exposure to benzene is associated with serious adverse health effects resulting in chronic organ toxicity.. The seriousness of poisoning caused by benzene depends on the amount, route, and length of time of exposure, as well as the age and preexisting medical condition of the exposed person. endstream endobj startxref which contains information on the health effects of benzene including the unit cancer risk for inhalation exposure. For more information on evacuation during a chemical emergency, see “. The leaflet tells you about the possible health effects, the preventative Benzene has been shown to cause cancer in both sexes of multiple species of laboratory animals exposed via various routes. h�b```b``Vd`�'@ (�K>�7^Ʊ��9úw���:���]:�޹�6�7+�З��Y�;::X@d2��^��р0�����4�Fa`4bf8�]$(#��ː�����A�A�,�9�P&��:Q��o@(���BL��@���A�>X����``�q�(c�` �C3y Benzene is a colorless, sweet smelling chemical that has been linked to a number of health problems and side effects. After you have washed yourself, place your clothing inside a plastic bag. Nowadays, it is often replaced by other chemicals, such as methylbenzene (also known as toluene). Benzene - Benzene Health Effects. Disaster Medicine & Public Health Prep. Other products with benzene Within the chemical industry, benzene uses are mainly to produce other chemicals. For example, it can cause bone marrow not to produce enough red blood cells, which can lead to anemia. This puts people at risk for aplastic anemia and excessive Washing with soap and water will help protect people from any chemicals on their bodies. Microbes in soil can break down benzene. In animals, exposure to food or water contaminated with benzene can damage the blood and the immune system and can cause cancer. But they can only detect a recent exposure and cannot predict future health effects. Evidence for an association with childhood leukemia is growing. People who inhale benzene for long periods of time (months or years) at high enough levels may experience harmful effects in the tissues that form blood cells, especially the bone marrow. If your eyes are burning or your vision is blurred, rinse your eyes with plain water for 10 to 15 minutes. Benzene exposure can result in a number of neurological symptoms, and these include dizziness, drowsiness, headaches, and loss of consciousness. The long-term effects of chronic exposure to benzene can be seriously damaging and cause life-altering health conditions such as: 8 Cancer: Because benzene is known to cause genetic damage, it’s a well-established carcinogen. Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. Smith MT(1). If someone has swallowed benzene, do not try to make them vomit or give them fluids to drink. Main Routes of Exposure: Inhalation. Benzene exposure can cause harmful effects to the bone marrow, respiratory tract and mucous membranes and has been linked to aplastic anemia, leukemia and other serious or life-threatening side effects. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. A disruption of normal blood production can result in conditions such as anaemia or excessive bleeding. Consuming foods or fluids contaminated with high levels of benzene can cause vomiting, stomach irritation, dizziness, sleepiness, convulsions, and rapid heart rate. The benzene molecule is composed of 6 carbon atoms joined in a ring with 1 hydrogen atom attached to each. Natural sources of benzene include volcanoes and forest fires. This public health statement tells you about benzene and the effects of exposure to it. Main Routes of Exposure: Inhalation. Benzene is considered a toxic and carcinogenic (cancer-causing) chemical that causes both acute and chronic health effects. Inhalation: Can irritate the nose and throat. What is benzene? Shanghai Health Study (2001-2009): What was learned about benzene health effects? Skin contact. The vomit could be sucked into their lungs and damage their lungs. Special emphasis in this report is given to the health effects reported in excess of national norms by participants in the Benzene Subregistry of the National Exposure Registry— people having documented exposure to benzene through the use of benzene-contaminated water for domestic purposes. Indoor air generally contains levels of benzene higher than those in outdoor air. Any clothing that has to be pulled over the head should be cut off the body instead of pulled over the head. Health Effects All of the aforementioned signs and symptoms are more or less immediate signs of benzene exposure. 2018 Mar;48(3):217-251. doi: 10.1080/10408444.2017.1401581. It is a volatile organic compound that is used commonly in the manufacture of many products including plastics, rubbers, dyes, and synthetic fibers, and is also found in gasoline and cigarette smoke. However, benzene can also have long lasting health effects stemming from long-term exposure (a year or more) such as : A reduction in the number of red blood cells, causing anemia. Eye contact. 0 Human health effects from exposure to ethylbenzene are not well understood; however, adverse health outcomes have been exhibited in animal studies. Benzene Exposure: What Are the Long-Term Health Effects? �5���A��0��0:���B����0. It evaporates into the air very quickly and dissolves slightly in water. Benzene is also a natural part of crude oil, gasoline, and cigarette smoke. Seek medical attention right away. A severe exposure can cause unconsciousness. Larger doses of this chemical can result in vomiting, dizziness, and convulsions, and can ultimately lead to death. This puts people at risk for aplastic anemia and excessive bleeding. However breathing very high levels of benzene, or eating or drinking foods contaminated with high levels of benzene, can cause serious health effects or … Also, it can damage the immune system by changing blood levels of antibodies and causing the loss of white blood cells. It is not known whether benzene exposure affects the developing fetus in pregnant women or fertility in men. Author information: (1)Superfund Research Program, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7356, USA. Performing CPR on someone who has swallowed benzene may cause them to vomit. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) identifies the most serious hazardous waste sites in the nation. The level of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done If the benzene release was indoors, get out of the building. Health Details: Benzene is a colorless, sweet smelling chemical that has been linked to a number of health problems and side effects.This is a chemical that can be found naturally occurring in the environment. Pollution from Canadian refineries an ‘embarrassment’ compared to U.S. A refinery in Sarnia, Ont., and a refinery in Detroit. A literature review of the impact on human health of exposure to benzene was conducted. Article PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar 23. Benzene is a ubiquitous chemical in our environment that causes acute leukemia and probably other hematological cancers. Ingested in food or drinking water, benzene is a known carcinogen, causing leukemia. Long-term exposure can cause problems in blood production and affect the bone marrow. Benzene 2009--Health effects and mechanisms of bone marrow toxicity: implications for t-AML and the mode of action framework. A major source of benzene exposure is tobacco smoke. photo src: www.federalregister.gov. Short-term Working with benzene may affect your health. High levels of exposure can cause both short-term and long-term health effects. ATSDR’s Camp Lejeune studies of people exposed occupationally or environmentally to TCE, PCE, vinyl chloride and benzene. Benzene is formed from both natural processes and human activities. Epub 2017 Dec 15. Benzene: health effects, incident management, and toxicology Information on benzene, for use in responding to chemical incidents. Smith MT. If you think you may have been exposed to benzene, you should remove your clothing, rapidly wash your entire body with soap and water, and get medical care as quickly as possible. Ingestion of large amounts of benzene may result in vomiting, dizziness, and convulsions in humans. Some industries use benzene to make other chemicals that are used to make plastics, resins, and nylon and synthetic fibers. Ingestion of benzene can cause vomiting, tachycardia, ataxia, somnolence, loss of consciousness, delirium, chemical pneumonitis with initial excitatory symptoms followed … Chemicals Listed Effective December 26, 1997 as Known to the State to Cause Reproductive Toxicity: Benzene; December 9, 1997 Meeting of the Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant (DART) Identification Committee; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Amendments to Sections 12705 (10 chemicals) and 12805 (arsenic) Individuals who have experienced benzene poisoning requiring treatment show a substantially Adverse health effects due to long-term benzene exposure are non-specific. Health Effects of the Chemicals Find commonly asked questions and answers about chemicals found at Camp Lejeune and their human health effects. Regional poison control center: 1-800-222-1222, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is described as an ‘aromatic’ hydrocarbon; each molecule of benzene is composed of a ring of 6 carbon atoms (each connected to a hydrogen atom). Short-term effects Breathing in high doses of benzene can affect the nervous system, which can lead to drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, tremors, confusion, and/or unconsciousness. Effects include fatigue, headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and weakness. Benzene is an excellent ligand in the organometallic chemistry of low-valent metals. It has again been the subject of much criticism by industry consultants to which the NCI-CAPM investigators have responded . Benzene causes acute myeloid leukaemia (acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia), and there is limited evidence that benzene may also cause acute and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma. Benzene causes cancer in animals including humans. It ranks in the top 20 chemicals for production volume. Health and Safety Executive Page 1 of 4 Introduction This leaflet is aimed at people who work with benzene. Background: Exposure to benzene has been associated with adverse health effects, including haematopoietic disorders. MI., have much in common. The leaflet tells you about the possible health effects, the . %%EOF 2010;31(1):133–48. Benzene is widely used in the United States; it ranks in the top 20 chemicals for production volume. This study considerably expanded the health effects associated with benzene beyond AML and suggested benzene produced effects at levels lower than previously thought.